Dracaena Classification, or What Type of Dracaena Is It Better to Choose?

Dracaena Classification

Dracaena is one of the prettiest indoor plants which comprises approximately 40 species of trees and succulent shrubs. In the APG III classification system (Angiosperm Phylogeny Group III system) it belongs to the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Nolinoideae.

There are many diverse dracaena species, and each of them can allure with their exotic look. The care requirements differ, although not too much, according to what kind of dracaena that is.

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As for me, my precious type of dracaena is Dracaena fragrans (also known as corn plant). It has glossy, lanceolate leaves and flowers produced in panicles. I prefer this plant due to two reasons mostly: first of all, it grows fast, and secondly, it's not a big deal to care for it.

It does best in partial shade or filtered sun, reasonable humidity and the temperatures ranging from 60°F to 75°F. Light frosts are to be avoided. The soil should be constantly moist. This type is also called the Happiness Tree, and with minimal effort it is the sunshine of my home indeed!

I like Dracaena marginata (Rainbow plant or Madagascar dragon tree) too because it is so graceful! It is characterized by stiff, colorful leaves and can each up to 15 feet in height.

This cultivar is also low-maintenance and forgiving. Find the warm and dry spot for it, make sure you provide it with plenty of sunlight, and there will be no doubt – the specimen will respond. The most incredible, to my mind, is that it is an impactful air purifier as well.

I would also recommend your purchasing the lucky bamboo plant. I was really surprised when I got to know that this species is not a bamboo tree and that it actually belongs to dracaena genus.

Having this houseplant, you will kill two birds with one stone: it will adorn your lodgings with its exotic look and will bring good fortune into the place where it is kept (at least the Chinese were convinced it would). It is well known that the cultivar is not difficult to grow. If not for the water that must be replaced every seven days, the plant could be left for several weeks without any health issues.

Another species which is pretty popular with the gardeners is Dracaena reflexa (Song of India). Foliage variations of this specimen differ. You will probably see the yellow edged type of this cultivar in garden stores, though.

This plant can bloom. However, its small white flowers are not very attractive and noticeable. The plant will be able to survive some neglect but be sure not to overwater it and pay attention to the temperatures – they shouldn’t drop too low.

There are such well-known Dracaenas as Dracaena sanderiana (it is so small and cute), Dracaena reflexa (it is appreciated for its variegated colors), Dracaena deremensis (it can give you energy and vital strength) and many others. Some other information and details about these plants can be found on the Internet or in books about flowers.

In view of my own experience I know that any plant needs good care, love and attention. So just choose any type of dracaena classification you like, care for it, and it will bring you joy and happiness!

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