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    Adenium: Rules of Growing the Desert Rose in a Subtropical Climate

    Adenium is a succulent bush that is more common to the areas of Arabia, Thailand, Taiwan, Vietnam and Africa, but can be easily found in many other countries. In this country it is rather frequently used for bonsai due to the fact it can grown in containers. I find the colors of the shrubs especially appealing. Those, who have never seen any adenium plants’ pictures, will definitely find it hard to imagine shades of white, pink and red flowers that can make any place special.

    Adenium Plants Description

    These bushes have thick stems and fleshy branches. Their foliage is generally oval-shaped and varies in size (2-7 inches). The size generally depends on the maturity of the plant and its location. These plants commonly grow outdoors, however, when they are young, they can be seen within an indoor area.

    Though the types of adenium are multiple, adenium socotranum deserves special consideration. I’ve always been dreaming of getting this plant. It is regarded to be one of the largest species, as it reaches nearly 15 feet and has a cylindrical trunk (8 feet in diameter).

    The pink flower of the plant appears for a couple of weeks in spring. Of course, adenium images can’t show the real beauty of the blossom, but still they are really impressive. Unfortunately, the flower is not commonly available: as it requires proper care and appropriate climate conditions: it is difficult to grow it in this country, but in rare cases possible.

    What Makes the Desert Rose Special?

    Adenium desert rose is commonly known by its deep red flowers and a swollen succulent stem. It is frequently referred to as adenium obesum, the plant which growth mainly depends on pruning and variety. Be very careful with the sap of the plant, as it is poisonous and should not come into contact with pets and children.

    When growing on its own, the plant can reach 10 feet, though there are common cases, when the plant reaches 15 feet. To ensure that the plant has enough soil for proper growth, it should be re-potted in a large container. New growths can be pruned and the plant can be easily shaped at times of its most active growth (during spring and summer months).

    Collecting Adenium Seeds

    The process of plant cultivation presupposes seedling quality. The best quality seedlings are mainly produced by growing them slowly. I used to have lots of problems with germination of seeds and their collecting. Not many people know that this plant develops really large pods, when it is mature. It is very important to let these pods dry off in a natural way (it means on the plant). In two weeks they break open and disperse seeds.

    When collecting them I take a paper bag and tie it around the pod. In 15 days after being collected the seeds should be planted into pots. When they are germinating, it is important to water them regularly.

    Induce Branching with Cutting

    Cutting intimidates gardeners, as not all of them know how to prune. To begin with, you are to use clean scissors. As for me, I always use sterilized shears, as they ensure that the disease from any branch won’t spread to other plants. Use sharp blades as they make the cuts clean.

    Many plants produce more than one growth, and if you cut them off, never throw them away: transplanting them you will have lots of new plants. The only thing to know is when to transplant and how to do it.

    Planting Adenium Seeds

    How to plant an adenium? I always start with choosing plant location. This should be an area full of sun, as it ensures great flowering.  You can use usual soil, but I recommend taking cactus soil mix with coarse grit, perlite, sand and gravel.

    After this, push the seeds you have into the soil and cover with soil. I place seeds 1 inch down; however, here things depend on the plant, as some species require deeper planting. After planting the seeds should be well-watered. When planting adenium, remember that the germination period should pass in the lightly moist soil.

    5 Growing Tips to Keep to

    1. Sunlight. These plants require much sunlight for proper development. If they are growing in cloudy locations, they become spindly and develop less vibrant blooms. Some species can withstand 30-50% shade and the sun can burn their foliage.
    2. Location. Choose the location with the temperature not more than 95 degrees F. In areas with high humidity these plants grow better, regardless of whether they are outdoors or indoors.
    3. Growing in the ground. When adenium is about to be planted into the ground, choose a raised bed with sloping sides. Make sure the area is well-drained.
    4. Growing in containers. How to grow the plant in containers? Choose only terracotta or clay containers; add stones to the pot’s bottom to ensure comparatively better drainage.
    5. Dormancy. These plants require special care, especially after entering dormant periods. I always move containers to dry and frost-free locations and water the plants once per month. When the spring comes, I increase the amount of water, because the plant starts entering another cycle.

    Adenium Care Guide: Essential Care Instructions

    As I’ve already mentioned, adenium grows well in desert climates, so if you want to have this plant at home, make sure you know how to care for it. The following care instructions will help you to ensure the plant’s health.

     

    Daily watering is essential only during hot summer days. As the flower grows in warm climates, where the temperature always remains above 50F even at night, remember to water it regularly even throughout winter months. This will allow the soil to dry out between watering.

    Temperature is another thing you should pay attention to. In case you live in a subtropical climate, you can place the plant indoors until cold weather passes. Adenium can also be grown outdoors in areas where the temperature never goes below 40. The desert rose can survive 40 degrees with little damage, but when the temperature is below 30, the plant dies.

    In winter the plant can freeze, even if it is placed in a greenhouse. There are a few tips on how to care for adenium in winter. Many people treat it like a cactus. Caring for adenium, water it only on warm sunny days and move it to the house, when there is a risk of frost.

    The Most Commonly Seen Diseases and Pests

    Spider mites are pests that can occur on leaves and branches. They lead to leaves curling and are extremely harmful. To prevent their occurrence, it is essential to keep the plant free of dead plant debris and place it in the area with plenty of moving air.

    Mealy bugs suck sap and nutrients from plants and usually become the main cause of slow growth. However, they are easily removed with strong water spray.

    Though there are many different diseases that lead to various problems, I’ve personally faced only one - stem rot. This disease causes decaying of the plant’s inner layers, spreading very quickly during cold days. However, when the plant has survived its first winter, stem rot is no longer a problem.

    If you keep to all these rules and instructions, you can consider adenium propagation through seeds and cuttings, but make sure you have enough place to hide your plants when it is cold outside.

    All publications about adenium are below

adenium_pink_white
Adenium

Once a friend of mine gave me an adenium. It was magnificent! But I couldn’t even imagine how to care about it! So, I took an adenium care...

06/14/13 – 14:00
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adenium_green_image
Adenium

One of my friends has got a collection of wonderful flowers called adeniums. And he gave one of these flowers to me. I had already had a plant at home, a little and very cute cactus...

06/14/13 – 13:56
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Adenium

How wonderful it is to find the first buds on adenium! I’ll always remember how exciting it was! And will never forget my disappointment, when the first bud fell down.

There...

06/10/13 – 13:30
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Adenium Mimosa
Adenium

Planting adenium is always exciting and thrilling for me! When I saw adenium mimosa for the first time, the only question I had was: “Why haven’t I got it yet?” This plant looked...

06/10/13 – 13:20
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Adenium Socotranum
Adenium

My Mom’s first experience in growing adeniums was full of surprises. Somebody had given her a few adenium seeds and she hadn’t even known...

05/28/13 – 16:25
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adenium_soil
Adenium

One of my friends decided to grow an adenium. So, he took the best soil from his garden and planted adenium. Soon the plant became ill and lost all its leaves. My friend asked for my...

05/28/13 – 16:22
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Trimming of Adenium
Adenium

I knew that adenium cutting is important for its blooming. But I have never done it before and was afraid to damage my desert rose. That’s...

05/08/13 – 12:29
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Hybrid Adenium
Adenium

I like to take care of adenium and know a lot about these flowers. Once I saw a very strange plant in a shop. It was an adenium, but its flowers were of unusual color and had a...

05/08/13 – 12:27
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adenium_images
Adenium

Adenium came to our country from Africa and Arabian Peninsula. That’s why it doesn’t like cold weather. Even though adeniums prefer warmth, they can be easily grown in our country. I...

05/08/13 – 12:24
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adenium_pots
Adenium

Only healthy adeniums can be beautiful. Before planting an adenium, find information about its possible diseases and pests.

To prevent pests you should check your plant...

05/08/13 – 12:23
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Adenium

There are only a few adenium pests which can really do harm to it. And one of them attacked my plant.

At first I saw that my adenium...

04/09/13 – 16:07
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adenium_green
Adenium

I knew that adenium grow is intensive only during the warm months. But my first winter as an adenium owner was really restless.

When...

04/09/13 – 16:03
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adenium_pink
Adenium

When I told Mom about my interest in adenium growing, she was surprised. She considered adeniums harmful. To some extent she was right....

04/09/13 – 16:00
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adenium_desert_rose
Adenium

One my friends is fond of adenium propagation. He grows new adeniums from seeds and propagates them by cutting. And his favorite gift to...

04/09/13 – 15:56
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Adenium

Once I saw a blooming adenium. From that moment I set my mind on growing this fantastic flower. For the beginning, I decided to find more information about it. The genus adenium is a...

04/09/13 – 15:54
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Adenium

When I started collecting adeniums I didn’t think my collection would be so large and colorful! It consists of different magnificent adenium varieties. Besides, a lot of hybrids made...

04/09/13 – 15:51
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adenium_plant
Adenium

If you are going to grow adeniums, don’t forget, that sometimes you’ll need help to understand, what’s wrong with adenium. Such situation happened to me.

My dear adenium...

03/15/13 – 12:36
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adenium_obesum
Adenium

Adeniums are known as long living plants. That is why it is so sad when they are dying.

An adenium grew in my house for a few years. It was spring and time for...

03/15/13 – 12:34
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Adenium Going Yellow
Adenium

One my friend had a birthday party. We had a great time when I saw a drooping adenium on the window. I asked my friend what had happened with his plant. He told me that it had been...

02/20/13 – 18:42
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adeniums_image
Adenium

When I saw the first flower on my adenium, I was really happy! But one flower was not enough for me. So, I gathered some information how to get more blooming on adeniums.

When...

02/04/13 – 13:28
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adenium_leaves
Adenium

One of my friends was worried about his adenium. He told me that its leaves became brown at ends. As he had moved his adenium to another room, we decided that the plant needed some...

02/04/13 – 13:24
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adenium_blooming_picture
Adenium

I’ve been growing lovely Adenium plants for more than 10 years. Many friends ask me how to grow adenium rightly. In fact, the secret is in...

02/04/13 – 13:19
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adenium_in_container
Adenium

Breeding of adeniums is a real challenge as there are many types of adenium and all of them are wonderful. I would like to have them all in...

01/15/13 – 16:08
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adenium_pink_bloom
Adenium

If you want to succeed in adenium growing, you should know a few facts about its origin.
Adenium is often called desert rose because it came from Arabian Peninsula and sub-...

01/15/13 – 16:07
0
adenium_seedlings
Adenium

My friend has got very beautiful adenium called Universal Star. But not only its bright flowers with white “stars” in the centre make it so fascinating. It always has a lot of...

01/15/13 – 16:06
0
adenium_pot
Adenium

My friend has got a wonderful Adenium Cripsum with very thick and vivid caudex and beautiful flowers. My friend loves his desert rose, that’s why he knows everything about saving...

01/15/13 – 16:04
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adenium_picture
Adenium

If you decide to grow these wonderful plants, you should know how to care about Adenium right. What is the best time to repot an Adenium?...

12/19/12 – 16:04
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Adenium Obesa
Adenium

I love Adeniums for their variety of colors: from purple and dazzling reds to white, some with black suffusions. They are my favorite plants and I’ve got lots of them at home. Thus,...

12/19/12 – 16:03
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Adenium

I received my first desert rose as a birthday present. And I really couldn’t imagine how to grow adenium. Somebody told me that desert...

12/19/12 – 16:01
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Hussadee Nursery Adenium picture
Adenium

I like to breed house plants and always buy new species. I like exotic flowers most of all. My favorite grower is hussadee nursery adenium. I got it for my birthday. Don’t think that...

08/24/12 – 15:54
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