Areca Palm Plant: 10 Exclusive Advice on Areca Planting & Care
If you like feather-like and thin-leaved houseplants, the areca palm tree is right for you. As for me, its attractive appearance is something more than the words can just say. Gracefully over-bending fronds and that elegant slow growing manner have been admiring my close gardeners and home owners for ages. All areca plants I have already had, are known to turn brown eventually and to be pruned by all means. The key secret is that by clipping the browned tips you’ll stop any branch growth of areca. In fact, this is the very last thing that this ‘Butterfly palm’ allows. My own experience proves one should treat this plant with special respect and care, in order it could totally add an airy-fairy tropical look to a person’s décor. Why, the tree comes from Madagascar, where it can fully go wild by flowing with up to 25 feet tall fronds! To be frank, I’ve always dreamed of planting areca in my little atrium… Thus, my plant community plans have come true, and I’m completely pleased with these easy plants to grow both indoors and outdoors. In other words, this is high time you made your own beautiful areca screen for privacy.
10 Exploratory Areca Grow Facts I Got to Know
- Areca nut palm or areca palm is actually areca catechu. It has such names as ‘bunga’, ‘pinang’ ‘puga’ and ‘supari’. Actually, the plant originates from Pacific, Asia and east Africa, particularly the Philippines or Malaysia. This palm is also called ‘a betel tree’, due to its fruit, areca nut. In fact, the Indians often chewed the latter together with the betel leaf.
- There are more than 50 types of areca over the globe.
- This is a medium-sized palm tree, with height to 20 m, 10–15 cm trunk in diameter, 1.5–2 m in length leaves and numerous pinnate, crowded leaflets.
- Areca is grown for commercially important crops of its seeds, the areca nuts.
- The seed contains a number of alkaloids, which are intoxicating and addictive, when chewed.
- Areca palm tree is grown in India, Bangladesh, Taiwan, Malaysia and other Asian countries mostly for their seeds-nuts.
- The areca palm is widely used like an interior landscaping species too. Each of us can observe the plant in large indoor areas, for example, malls and hotels.
- It will never have fruit, flowers or full size.
- Once grown indoors, areca palms outside need low water, high light and proper care instructions of how to avoid either mealy bugs or spider mites.
- The areca nuts are extremely popular throughout many Asian countries and among working classes. The seed has some direct link to a mouth cancer, as well as to antidepressant properties.
Areca Care: Propagation & Cultivation, Planting & Transplanting
After all, this plant still wants a great deal of my attention for its majestic appearance and perfect ability to fit into my décor. But, all the work will turn to be a great payoff, be sure. These are useful growing tips, as well as areca palm care advice, especially for you.
- How to plant an areca palm? The areca tree is a very adaptable plant. Generally, it has no preference for a certain soil type if it drains well. Believe me, your own soil or any commercial potting soil will do. If the taken option is heavy, that is it doesn’t drain well, you can add 1 part compost plus 1 part sand, to its 2 parts soil. This will highly improve overall areca’s draining abilities.
- Which container should be selected when to plant/when to transplant the tree? Look, this is the one with either drain holes in the pot bottom or a tray to catch water. Anyway, this is a quick-growing plant that can germinate in 2 months or less. Your particular germination requires fresh seeds to propagate. According to the tipsplants.com, they should be used immediately, without any cleaning. To plant a palm, bury the seed into a well-drained soil, mixed with water, sand and moist peat. Expose the pod to much light, humidity and warm air. In no time, you can plant the little tree in a large pot. By the way, rooted divisions may be used for new plant propagation.
How to Grow & How to Care of an Areca Plant
- This palm simply loves water, but not with the roots which sit in it. I would strongly advise you to keep the soil rather damp to the touch. On the one hand, the plant will start wilting, if getting not enough water. On the other hand, it will come back up if given sufficient water. Thus, there may be some root rot, resulted in the tree’s death. Remember that humidity is №1 necessity of tropical plants. Consequently, an occasional misting will turn your areca palm really happy.
- Indoors, when the heat is simply drying the air out, you could probably water/place a humidifier aside or set the container on some gravel tray. In both cases, caring for your little helpless palm will remain it healthy.
- In addition, I’ll give you a special note: no salt and minerals in water! Otherwise, this sensitive plant will show a number of tiny and dark spots on the leaves. Do you want this for your areca? Therefore, buy bottled water or soften/clean the outside source.
- Also, it’s important to place the plant where it’ll get 6-8 hours of sun each day. Make sure that a glass window glaring sun doesn’t cause the burnt leaflets or drooping leaves. So, keep a tree a few feet aside from your window, or, perhaps, hang a curtain to filter the light.
- However, you may also cut off the burnt fronds. Finally, do not think brown leaf ends necessarily burn, as far as it is quite normal for arecas.
- The areca palms need water-soluble fertilizers about once a week. This way, you will prevent their sitting on the roots, as well as killing them.
- As for the pruning a young tree, it needs nothing of this. As it ages, the older fronds will turn brown and die off, without cutting areca off. Perhaps, you may do not like your palm’s getting too thick. Then, it is wiser to always cut off its older fronds, in order to prune the plant into shape. Our experts assume that 1 cutting new growth will stunt the entire plant growth.
Diseases and Pests
- Speaking of areca palms’ pests, they do not bother much. However, they can be mealy bugs or spider mites, although occasionally. The best you can do is turning the leaves over and checking for these or those bugs. Actually, no areca images or pictures are needed to look for tiny dark/white spots and to identify the problems with diseases or pests. For instance, while noticing the spider mites’ web, mix 1 table spoon of dish soap in the spray bottle with water. After that spray the infected area and you’ll get rid of them at once. The little critters hate such procedures! Besides, you can just put a soap mixture on some soft cloth and wipe all the leaves off. As a result, there will be no chemicals used in your home, as well as no ill areca plants left.
What to say, care of areca is your key to exotic palm presence in your home. In a word, join the Club of areca admirers!
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