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    Having a gardenia flower at home is what practically everyone dreams of. Why? It really amazes everyone with its colorful blooms and fragrant scent. You can find the images and pictures and ascertain it’s true. However, being very tender and finicky, these plants require a lot of attention. So, knowing basic care instructions is essential.

    General Information on Gardenia Plants and Their Species

    Today gardenias are considered to be a perfect choice for a beautiful bonsai. They make a big impression, only if one knows how to care for gardenia. Generally speaking, it is highly important to plant it near a window or deck, where you can always enjoy its fragrance. The flower grows from 2 up to 8 feet wide and tall, though lots of things depend on the variety.

    Many flowers grow into a round shape and have glossy, dark green leaves and fragrant white flowers, which bloom from spring to summer. Forget about planting them near a foundation or concrete wall, as the pH level there is too high for perfect growth.

    Gardenia Care Guide: Tips and Recommendations to Follow

    Care for gardenia is a special aspect to pay attention to, as these flowers are cold sensitive and may die during winter time. That’s the primer reason why they are mainly grown outdoors only in places where winter months are tolerable. At times they are placed into pots and moved in for winter.

    Speaking about the main rules of outdoor caring for gardenia, it is highly important to keep in mind that these bushes prefer being kept in partial shade. They also like moist and well-drained acidic soil. Regular watering is of primer importance during cultivation, even after the plant finished putting out its blooms. After the flowering ceased, start pruning the bush to keep it in a good condition. When the bush is healthy, it’s much easier for it to withstand winter weather.

    There are many species and types of gardenia like star, jasminoides, thunbergia, etc. The indoor growing of these bushes can be quite successful as well. However, it should be pointed out that they require high humidity and bright light, when indoors. The most troublesome days for them are winter days, meaning their dryness doesn’t provide enough humidity, which becomes a real problem. If you face the same problem, move the tree to south-facing windows and supplement them with grow lights to improve light condition.

    Dry air triggers flower dropping, and to increase humidity you should use a humidifier or you can group the plants on trays of wet pebbles. Don’t mist them to avoid possible problems with fungal leaf spots and yellow leaves.

    Make sure the soil is organic and loose. It must be moist, but don’t be too enthusiastic not to overwater it. Monitor it on a regular basis and water it regularly, when you see that the top is already dry. The plant that is inside your house should always receive cool night time and warm daytime temperatures.

    Basic Growing Tips. What You Should/Shouldn’t Do

    As it has already been mentioned, these bushes like humidity a lot, and misting the leaves quite often causes a number of problems. Water droplets lead to the appearance of leaves with fungal growth. This is mainly the problem faced by those, who plant the flower outside. Never place it under the plants that may drip into its leaves and make sure that they aren’t placed too close together, because lack of air leads to occurrence of fungal problems.

    Always check whether the top inch of the soil is dry (just poke a finger) to know when it is necessary to give your plant a good soak. Drain out the water that normally accumulates under the pot. The best way out is growing the flower in a pebble filled tray: water can be poured over the pebbles, thus ensuring enough humidity and moisture without any excessive liquid being absorbed into the soil.

    We’ve already mentioned that the knowledge on how to grow these bushes is connected with enough light they get. Outdoor plants prefer sun combined with shade during hot summer days. Indoor ones mustn’t be placed in direct sun, but in a room that receives much bright, but indirect sunlight.

    Gardenia Diseases and Pests to Be Concerned About

    Gardenia problems are what every gardener faces, while picking this flower one of the main in his garden. Diseases and pests are common today, and though coping with them may be a very hard task to do, it is still possible.

    Perhaps one of the best ways to protect the bushes is to keep them healthy and do everything possible to prevent over-crowding. If you allow too much moisture to sit on leaves and do not maintain proper moisture and temperature levels, you cause the appearance of insect problems. To the commonest insects these plants are vulnerable to belong:

    • scale
    • aphids
    • thrips
    • mealy bugs
    • whiteflies
    • spider mites

     

    Among the most serious malums there are:

    1. Leaf spot. Fungi trigger the occurrence of spots of different sizes. They may be small or big, dark-brown necrotic areas that are usually surrounded by yellow halos. In most severe conditions there occur premature leaf drops. To control the condition you can spray them with a folia fungicide.
    2. Canker. This is another common issue that is mainly identified by a main stem swollen below/near the soil line. The bark soon becomes corky and has many cracks. The stem part that is above the canker is yellow. In case the level of humidity is too high, there may be a yellowish substance seen on the surface. Usually, if the plant is affected, it dies very slowly. To prevent spreading of the disease, it’s better to place other bushes in different locations.
    3. Sooty mold. It leads to appearance of thin black layers of the fungus over the upper surface of the leaves. Leaves curling also accompanies the condition.
    4. Bacterial leaf spot is accompanied by round spots on young leaves; soon they become yellow and reddish-brown, surrounded by a yellow halo. When the infection is severe it leads to defoliation. It is important to avoid overhead watering. To prevent further spreading, make sure you use sterilized pots and soil.
    5. Bud drop. This is an abnormal dropping of buds that takes place during periods of low light intensity or high night temperatures. Of course, in some cases bud drop is a quite normal condition. To avoid the condition, keep the soil moist during flowering, but not wet.

    Planting Gardenia from Seeds and Cutting

    How to plant a gardenia? The primer rule you should remember is that you should start transplanting either in spring or fall, spacing each plant 3-6 feet apart. To begin with, test the soil in order to determine pH level. In case it is necessary, add the required amount of sulfur, as it’ll reduce the pH level to 5-6. In case the soil is in a rather poor condition, amend the soil you’ve removed from the whole with compost. After placing the seeds, fill the hole ½ full with soil, water it well and eliminate air pockets. Let the liquid drain and fill the remainder of the hole with soil and water.

    Propagation through cutting is popular as well. When to transplant? In spring or autumn. Use the cuttings that come from a new growth for the year. They should be neither too woody nor too soft. The best variants are bendable and green stems. The stems should be at least 3 inches long. How to prune them? Cut just below a joint. Lower the end into a root hormone, pull it out and insert into a jar with soil, water the soil and keep it watered for about 6 weeks till the root grows. Transfer it either outside or into a large pot.

    Gardenia Bonsai – a Perfect Choice for Your Garden

    Gardenia bonsai is a very challenging tree that requires attention and ample care to remain healthy. Extreme temperatures cause the leaves to burn and bloom to follow. This is the primer reason why the plant should better be kept inside in a sunny location, but away from direct sunlight. When winter comes, the tree will manage to survive only if placed indoors.

    The surrounding soil should always be moist, but not saturated. This will help to avoid roots rotting. You should monitor the wetness of the soil regularly (esp. during summer months), and water more than once per day if necessary.

    Use fertilizer once per month, when it is not in bloom (from late spring till mid fall). The tree thrives if the given fertilizer is designed for acid-loving plants. This will keep the levels of soil at pH of 5.0 to 6.5. Aiming at protecting the plant from insects? Twice a year apply chelated iron powder mixed with water.

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