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    Click here to see all articles about Yucca

    Yucca is a plant known for clusters of white flowers and green sword-like leaves. Its blooming is bird-attractive during fall and summer. However, these are only common features, as there are various species available.

    Though plants are native mostly to desert sections in South, North, Central America and West Indies, you can easily find them in homes and gardens all over the world. All that is required is your knowledge of proper care instructions. Personally I know much about the entire process. Some tips were suggested by my friends, and I’m ready to share them.

    Yucca Plants: Perfect Species for Inside and Outside Growing

    yucca growing

    As a rule I hear the same everywhere – ‘yucca plants are easy to maintain, and that’s why I’ve chosen them.’ However, when it comes to reality, you should know the fact that they are also pretty susceptible to different problems, diseases and even pests. So, choosing the species only by yucca images is wrong. Personally I give preference to Bright Edge and Spanish Dagger. You can find pictures of them.

    Bright Edge has spiny-tipped leaves that are 2-feet long and are edged with threads that are curly. What I like the most is that all leaves are banded with creamy yellow. During hot summer months there appear white flowers. Spanish Dagger has evergreen clumps of stiff. When its leaves get mature, they arch.

    Things You Don’t Know about Yucca Uses

    As far as I know, there are ornamental plants available. There are different types of yucca that have edible parts, including stems, leaves and fruits. In addition, yucca uses are different; it is mostly added to shampoos for Native America rituals. Its leaves are used in fires started through fiction due to their low ignition temperature. Filamentosa type is regarded to be a ‘meat hunger’, because its tough fibrous leaves and sharp spiny tips are commonly used in puncturing meat for forming a loop hung in smoking houses.

    yucca planting

    Planting Yucca. What’s Better: Seeds or Roots?

    I believe that working with a yucca root is easier. But some of my friends are always ready to deny it. Well, everyone chooses the most appropriate option. Let’s see how to plant a yucca in each case.

    If you go my way and choose roots, follow these steps:

    1. Choose a place where it is full sun to ensure the best outcome. This plant doesn’t like partial shade.
    2. Before planting yucca, check the soil for good drainage. If there is any need to promote it, do some slope to the area. Otherwise, your flower will not survive in wet ground and will rot pretty fast.
    3. Take a shovel and dig a hole. Inspect the soil type.
    4. Afterwards choose the location, add some sand in order to implement the soil. For this purpose you'd better dig a hole twice as deep and twice as wide as the root ball. Place soil into a large container, and then add about 50% of sand. Be especially attentive to the soil type that has a heavy clay base. In this case you'd better add more sand.
    5. Place the root ball on the top of the soil and make sure it is straight and centered. Fill in sand around the plant to the surface level.

    Usually I also add some water. After this I know that I won’t need to water it for 2-3 weeks after planting.

    As I rarely work with seeds I asked a friend of mine to tell me about the procedure. He says it’s as simple as that: just spread them on the top of the potting mix. For better results they should be spread nearly three inches apart. Then cover them with sandy soil. Make sure the layer is very thin. Water the seeds every 3-4 days. This will keep them barely moistened. Over-watering will cause rotting.

    What about propagation? It should be propagated by removing either small plants or pups which normally appear around ‘the mother’. I suggest using a sharp garden spade for digging up the pup and planting it in a small pot.

    When to transplant it? The best season is autumn for those species that are in the area with hot summers and pretty mild winters. This gives enough time for establishing before dry months. In case you live in the area with cold winters, transplanting should take place in spring after frost.

    yucca - care guide

    Yucca Care Guide and Basic Growing Tips

    How to grow yucca? The basic requirements are the following:

    • bright light
    • if kept in house, 3-5 feet of a window
    • sandy soil
    • good drainage

    Let’s check the details. If this is an indoor plant you should keep it in high or bright light settings. I usually allow the top 1/3 of soil to dry out before I start watering it again. If it happens so that the setting doesn’t have much light, nearly ¾ of the soil should dry down between the watering. If possible, use sub-irrigation to water house plants.

    While watering, don’t let your plant sit in a saucer of water, which accumulated in the bottom. Be careful, as this extra water encourages rotting. Additional tips on growing are:

    • providing intense light at least once a day
    • using heavy pots, if there’s no such chance, place rocks on the top of soil in order to keep pot upright
    • water regularly, because if the plant doesn’t get enough liquid, its leaves will soon turn yellow and then brown

    In winter: I always try to provide lower temperatures. Once I didn’t and some of my plants didn’t survive.

    In summer: I leave them outdoors allowing getting more light, getting used to high heat and benefiting from fresh air. About 3-4 hours a day they are in direct sun. As this makes the soil dry out faster, I water it several times a week. This is basic caring for yucca.

    Do not forget about pruning. With most plants this procedure stands for cutting the blooms and branches, while now we are speaking about cutting the trunk. For those species that grow outside this process is not necessary.

    How to prune? The best time for it is spring. It should be done before the growing season:

    • I determine a halfway mark on my plant and take a cutting device. Usually it is a saw.
    • Using it, I lop off the leafy section that is on the top on the trunk.

    For most people cutting at a halfway point is too difficult as it makes the trunk too short. Well, there’s no single rule, so you can cut a little bit higher. This is it.

    For additional care for yucca you can also cut off blooms and leaves. Removing them can be done regardless of season, as there is no need to get worried about damaging the plant. So, when I see that the bloom is dying or old, I cut it off.

    If you remove stalks, you can also use sharp shears and cut the stalk at about 4 inches above the place it grows out of the major stem. This is how to care.

    yucca diseases

    What Diseases and Pests Plants Are Susceptible To?

    Now that you know about the cultivation process, it’s time to get acquainted with diseases or pests risks. Among typical problems you can find leaves curling and yellowing, brown discoloration and lesions, stem rotting, etc. Let’s see what the reasons are and how to cope with them.

    • Gray Leaf Spotting

    This is a quite common problem for many plants. Spotting appears in old leaves: you notice legions fray in color. When the problem affects my yucca I remove the infected areas and apply a fungicide.

    • Stem Rot

    Once I had the problem like this. Besides, rotting of the stem is a common issue for most homeowners. The main cause is a bacterium that causes the stem have mushy discharges. The odor is really unpleasant, believe me! To avoid this you should use a proper potting soil and sterilized pots, while planting the cuttings.

    • Brown Spots

    What about brown spots? This problem is of 3 centimeters in diameter. Its basic characteristic feature is a purple border. At first you don’t notice anything. Then you just try not to pay special attention to tiny clear zones on some old leaves. Finally, they turn yellow and brown, when mature. They are scattered all over the surface of those leaves that are at the bottom. And though the problem is rather serious, it can be removed. All you must do is remove all affected and old leaves and then sprinkle the remaining ones with a fungicide. This is helpful in preventing the re-occurrence of brown spots.

    After getting acquainted with basic diseases you’ll be happy to know that yuccas are resistant to the greater part of pests. The infestation of mealy bug or scale is perhaps the worst that can happen. If you see any problem, make a special solution, mixing water and liquid dishwashing product. Spray the plant. If it doesn’t work, you may freely use any commercial insecticide.

    If you have read this, you can stay cool: now you know all the basic information on planting, growing and caring for yucca. Choose any types you like to make your garden and house bloom all year round.

    All publications about Yucca are below

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